What does Magi mean in Roth IRA?
Your MAGI (modified adjusted gross income) is your AGI plus certain deductions you must “add back.” These deductions include IRA contributions, student loan interest, one-half of self-employment tax, qualified tuition expenses, and more. •
- Any deductions you took for IRA contributions and taxable Social Security payments.
- Deductions you took for student loan interest.
- Tuition and fees deduction.
- Half of self-employment tax.
- Excluded foreign income.
You can reduce your MAGI by earning less money, but a lot of people prefer to look for deductions instead. Consider the available deductions on your tax return that are above the line that shows your AGI (this is on Line 11), since reductions to your AGI will also reduce your ACA-specific MAGI.
MAGI is adjusted gross income (AGI) plus these, if any: untaxed foreign income, non-taxable Social Security benefits, and tax-exempt interest. For many people, MAGI is identical or very close to adjusted gross income. MAGI doesn't include Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) in the simplest terms is your Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) plus a few items — like exempt or excluded income and certain deductions. The IRS uses your MAGI to determine your eligibility for certain deductions, credits and retirement plans.
To contribute to a Roth IRA, single tax filers must have a modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) of less than $153,000 in 2023. In 2024, the threshold rises to $161,000. If married and filing jointly, your joint MAGI must be under $228,000 in 2023. In 2024, the threshold rises to $240,000.
You can lower your MAGI by making pre-tax contributions to retirement plans, using health savings accounts, and taking advantage of various deductions.
Your MAGI is not included on your federal income tax return, but you can also find your AGI on line 11 of IRS form 1040. If you still need extra help with the adjustments, you can work with a tax professional to ensure you've done the calculations correctly.
Is there a penalty for contributing to a Roth IRA above the income limits? Excess contributions are subject to a 6% excise tax for each year they remain in your Roth IRA. To avoid this penalty, withdraw the excess funds before your tax deadline.
Whatever happens to your income or your career, your Roth IRA is your account. The money you deposited there is still your money. No matter how much you're earning in the future, the money you already have in the account will remain invested with the goal is to grow into a nest egg for your future self.
What do we really know about the Magi?
Accordingly, most scholars regard the magi as figures of legend rather than historical figures. Their names, origins, appearances, and exact number are unmentioned and derive from the inferences or traditions of later Christians.
The Gospel of Matthew (2:1–12) speaks of Magi, or wise men, who followed a star from the East to Bethlehem in search of a newborn king. There they found Mary and the baby Jesus and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
They were called Magi, which means “wise men” in Greek (Matthew 2:1). Extrapolating from the text, these men were probably astrologers as their study of the sky led them toward Jesus (Numbers 24:17, Matthew 2:9).
The maximum amount you can contribute to a Roth IRA for 2024 is $7,000 (up from $6,500 in 2023) if you're younger than age 50. If you're age 50 and older, you can add an extra $1,000 per year in "catch-up" contributions, bringing the total contribution to $8,000. The catch-up contribution was also $1000 in 2023.
A 401(k) retirement plan will reduce both your AGI and MAGI, as contributions are taken out of your salary before taxes are deducted. This in effect reduces your salary in relation to taxes. Because your salary is now "lower," you end up paying less taxes. This is the tax benefit of a 401(k) retirement plan.
Just keep in mind that contributions to things like an HSA or traditional IRA (but not a Roth IRA, since those contributions aren't pre-tax) will reduce your ACA-specific MAGI, even though they don't reduce other types of MAGI calculations.
For example, contributions made to your traditional 401(k) can reduce your MAGI. But contributions made to a Roth IRA don't reduce MAGI because they're made with after-tax dollars. You can also contribute toward an HSA or make charitable donations to potentially reduce your MAGI.
The Roth IRA contribution limit for 2023 is $6,500 for those under 50, and $7,500 for those 50 and older. And for 2024, the Roth IRA contribution limit is $7,000 for those under 50, and $8,000 for those 50 and older.
For 2023, as a single filer, your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) must be under $153,000 to contribute to a Roth IRA. As a joint filer, it must be under $228,000. You must be 59 1/2 and have held the Roth IRA for five years before tax-free withdrawals on earnings are permitted.
Contributions to a Roth IRA aren't deductible (and you don't report the contributions on your tax return), but qualified distributions or distributions that are a return of contributions aren't subject to tax. To be a Roth IRA, the account or annuity must be designated as a Roth IRA when it's set up.
Do capital gains count towards Magi?
Are capital gains included in Modified Adjusted Gross Income? Yes, capital gains are part of the MAGI calculation. For many taxpayers, the MAGI is similar to the AGI (adjusted gross income), but it can be higher, depending on your circumstances. MAGI is your AGI (line 11 of Form 1040) plus tax-exempt interest income.
A contribution to a Roth IRA does not reduce your AGI in the tax year you make it. Roth contributions are funded with after-tax dollars, meaning there's no deduction at the time of your deposit; however, when the money is withdrawn from the account (presumably after you retire), no income tax is due on it.
But does contributing to a traditional 401(k) plan reduce your MAGI? The answer is yes — but only if you're participating in a pre-tax retirement plan such as a 401(k). Contributing to either a traditional 401(k) plan can help to reduce your MAGI because the contributions are made with pre-tax dollars.
The Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) budget methodology uses income tax rules; therefore, all deductions allowed by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) are now allowed when calculating self-employment income for individuals in a MAGI category.
The maximum amount you can contribute to a traditional IRA or Roth IRA (or combination of both) in 2023 is capped at $6,500. Viewed another way, that's about $542 a month you can contribute throughout the year. If you're age 50 or over, the IRS allows you to contribute up to $7,500 annually (or $625 a month).